Pressure relief valves are designed to protect equipment from overpressure.
The valve should be handled with care, not subject to heavy shock loads, and
protected to prevent dirt from getting inside. It should be installed correctly.
Failure to do so could result in property damage or serious injury to personnel.
the valve in a vertical position so that the valve body is self draining. If a
body drain port is provided, make sure it is open when required by the ASME
code. Do not plug any bonnet vent openings. The inlet piping should be as short
as possible, with no elbows, and equal to or greater than the size of the
pressure relief valve inlet connection. This will help to limit the inlet
pressure drop to 3% or less when the valve is relieving.
discharge piping is connected to valve outlet, make sure it is self draining
when a body drain port is not used. The valve should not be connected to any
discharge pipe that contains pressure before the valve opens or to any pipe
where the pressure build-up is greater than 10% of the set pressure when the
valve is open and relieving.
Discharge piping, other than a short tailpipe, must be supported by something
other than the valve. For steam service, a drip pan elbow or flexible
connection between the valve and the pipe should be used to prevent excessive
pipe stress, due to thermal expansion, from being imposed on the valve body.
threaded valves, apply a small amount of pipe thread sealing compound to
external threads only. Do not put any sealing compound on the first thread or
any internal threads. To do so may cause the sealing compound to enter the valve
and cause seat leakage.
Use wrench flats provided to tighten the valve to the connecting pipe. Do not
use the valve body or bonnet and do not over-tighten. To do so may cause valve
flanged valves, use new gaskets and tighten the mounting studs evenly.
a system operating pressure at least 5 psig or 10% below the set pressure of the
valve, whichever is greater. Operating too close to the valve set pressure will
cause seat leakage and will shorten the time between valve maintenance.
not use the safety valve as a control valve to regulate system operating
pressure. Excessive operation will cause the seat to leak and will require more
frequent valve maintenance.
ASME Code stamped valves equipped with lift levers are designed to be operated
only when the system pressure is 75% of the set pressure or greater. When hand operating the
valve, hold it open long enough to purge any foreign matter from the seat area.
If a cable or wire is attached to the lift lever for remote actuation, make sure
the direction of pull is the same as it would be if the lever were pulled
directly by hand.
should be performed on a regular basis. An initial inspection interval of 12
months is recommended. Depending on the service conditions and the condition of
the valve, the inspection interval may be decreased or increased.